If you notice your yucca plant has lots of yellow, withered or dead growth, it is probably thirsty. In low-light settings indoors, let 3/4 of the soil to dry down between waterings. The flower stalks are usually about three feet high. [source]. This large specimen is more of a tree. Water your Yucca Cane plant when the top 50% of the soil is dry. When the eggs hatch, the moth larvae feast on the seeds of the plant. More below. Trim away the occasional dead spear, cane or flower. You can use the trimmed sections to propagate more yucca plants. In some types of yucca, this is typical for mature leaves. To propagate by division, remove offsets during regular pruning and pot them or replant them in a sunny location using an appropriate soil mixture. Question: I’ve had a Yucca plant in my home for about five years. In general, a Yucca plant is too big for the window. The non-woody parts of the plant are edible. Repot the rooted end. ow to naturally get rid of spider mites on indoor plants. Many people confuse – yucca root – with the root of the yuca plant (spelled with one “C”) also known as “cassava” which is an important food source in Africa; however, this is an entirely different plant. The key to success comes from choosing the right type of plant and selecting its location very carefully. Read on to learn more. Also called Twisted-Leaf Yucca, is another Texas native. Hummingbirds, butterflies, and moths flock to the rich, fragrant blossoms of this hardy, attractive plant. Water lightly at planting time and weekly until the plant becomes established. When cutting back the yucca flower stalks, leave about 3 inches. In addition to determining a location most hospitable to the plant, you must also keep your safety in mind. If you choose a balanced, all-purpose liquid fertilizer, it should give the plant all the nutrients it needs for the year. Even with large canes, I like to make 3-5 “cuts” length-wise on the cane with a razor knife and dust the dust the cuts with a powdered rooting hormone. Problems associated with Inadequate Care The soil does not need to be rich, and in fact, a high percentage of sand or pebbles is preferable. Take your cutting (the leafy top and trunk of the plant) using a sharp, clean implement. Yucca plants need good well-drained soil inside or outside. Keep the plant in a shaded area for about two weeks to allow it to adjust to the new container before placing in sunlight. You can easily propagate yucca from root or stem cuttings. A native of Utah and Southern California where it provides important habitat for a wide variety of desert and prairie birds. Attempts to limit their growth with smaller pots are not successful and only make the plant unhappy. It is also commonly known as Weak-leaf yucca plant because its leaves tend to bend under their own weight. Outdoor Yucca plant care: Plants prefer dry soil that has full access to the sun. A Texas native hardy in zone 6, the plant ranges from north central to south central Texas. The plant is hardy in Zone 8. Kathleen, Dallas, Texas. Although the plant will look ugly at the moment, rest assured it will go to work right away putting out new rosettes of leaves to cover up the injury. Spineless yucca is very similar in growing and care to Dracaenas, follow the same watering practices. Makes a great accent plant and good as a container plant. Yuccas generally like substantial, well-drained soil that will support the roots and the weight of the plant along with providing good air circulation beneath the soil. Many indoor tropical houseplants DO NOT handle significant temperature changes although they will still work at cleaning the air. Among them are: The yucca moths efficiently and industriously transfer pollen from stamen to stigma of the flowers and also lay their eggs inside the blossoms. In these regions, the Yucca filamentosa is native and commonly called the “Meat Hanger.”. There are several varieties of Yucca Moths. Water thoroughly and drain off all excess water. Yucca plants thrive in dry conditions. Do not allow plants to sit in water. If you are lucky, your seed will sprout in a month. Yucca is a North American native, a flowering plant that acts like a large shrub or small tree. Make a straight, clean cut and be sure to paint the exposed stump with pruning putty to protect it and prevent infection. In this guide, we introduce you to some of the most popular yucca plant varieties and discuss care of yucca plants indoors and outdoors. In fact, it can take as long as a year. Because these plants can be somewhat hazardous and difficult to handle, it’s important you choose carefully. Fortunately, the seeds are so abundant this does not hinder the reproduction of the plant. With good air movement or circulation, these plants can take temperatures in the 90s to a low in the upper 30s. Always wear gloves and be careful when dealing with any variety of yucca plant. Leaves 24″ inches in length and 23″ inches wide, leathery, glaucous-green, grows in a rosette with spined leaf tips. Yucca plants need good well-drained soil inside or outside. The dried stem of the plant is an excellent choice for starting fires using friction. The flowers are very tasty (so I hear) and make a nice addition to salads, soups, stews and stir-fry dishes. Here are some of the most common varieties of yucca plants arranged according to size: Banana Yucca or Datil Yucca (Yucca baccata) bears fruit shaped like a banana or an agave. Although most gardeners use the yucca as an attractive ornamental addition to the garden, the fact is this hardy plant is a survivalist’s dream come true. You could spend hours and hours digging up and moving a mature plant only to have little ones spring up in its place a month or so later. Depending upon the variety, it can be a bounteous source of food, kindling, rope, soap and much more. If you prefer to do root cuttings, you can dig up a section of the plant’s rhizome and cut this up into sections of about three-inches each. Growing only about a foot high, it makes a good groundcover. If your plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this is a sign of rotting. It is also a good selection for plant groupings with cactus or when you want to achieve a Southwestern look. For best performance of potted yucca plants, the soil should retain some of the water and nutrients. At times a mature yucca sitting in the same place and pot for years may look like it is infested with plant scale bugs. Maybe once every week. Sanitize your pruning implement after use to prevent spreading the spores to other plants. If you plant several specimens, be sure to start off with plenty of space in between for full spread. One great way to get started is to make contact with your local garden society. Luckily, it is easy to control them by sprinkling diatomaceous earth or applying standard snail and slug bait around your plants. Often the information is spotty at best and tough to reply. This attractive shrub stands about two feet high with a flower stalk that can shoot up as high as eight feet. A native to the southwestern US Yucca glauca grows in two-foot mounds producing sweet-scented flowers of a pastel green shade throughout the summer. A three to one mixture of sand and peat is a good medium for growing yucca in containers. If not, a very large yucca houseplant can make a beautiful, semi-permanent focal point in a sun room or other open, indoor space. For stem cuttings, be sure the parent plant is mature as this makes root rot less likely. Estimate where you believe the edges of the roots are, and make your circle accordingly. This plant has lovely bluish/gray spears and produces flowers of a rich, creamy yellow. The all-natural soap made from these parts of the tree is reputed to be an excellent shampoo and body soap. When I bought the plant, it had three three trunks or canes in a 14-inch pot. Here’s an interesting video about pruning a yucca plant from iCultivate. In this video I begin the process of trimming my specimen Yucca Plant in front of my house. If you are unsure as to whether your yucca plant will withstand your winter, and you don’t want to bother with sheltering it, remember to take and start a cutting, offshoot or a root segment indoors before winter begins so you can have a replacement if necessary in the springtime. You can make the acquaintance of other collectors, swap starters and enjoy an exciting gardening adventure at very little expense. Try a … The potential danger of being skewered or slashed by a rigid yucca spear cannot be overstated. A good pair of gloves for protecting your hands. Indoors the foliage may have a light or pale green color. As a rule of thumb, Greenery Unlimited says to only water your plant when the top half of the soil is completely dry, which—depending on how much … Always keep an eye out for ants on your houseplants. You can give your indoor yucca a very diluted feeding of a balanced liquid water-soluble food in the springtime and once during the summer. This unique soft-tip yucca plant—aka yucca elephantipes—arrives between 8- to 12-inches tall. There is a very good reason why these spears are used to hang meat in the smokehouse in the Appalachian mountains. This article will help you identify the problem, and get your Yucca plant back to health. Both the roots and spears of the yucca are rich in saponins or natural soap. In this article, we will explore the many different types of yucca plants and share advice on choosing and caring for just the right specimen for your home, yard or garden. Due to its versatility, reliability, and sturdiness, it does find its way into other indoor plant designs. Ants are great farmers and love to farm scale and aphids. This impressive plant can reach a height of fifteen feet and a width of six feet. Often added to animal feed (including pet food) to help support joint health. You can keep a rigid speared yucca indoors, but a better choice would be a variety of a soft or flexible leaved plant in the house. Most Yucca plants have sharp spear-like pointed tips. The brown tips on the new growth are simply “shouting” at you to check the roots for problems. Dispose of the vegetation properly by either sealing it in a plastic bag and setting it out with the trash or burning it. If you do not wish to bother with this, choose from these varieties: All of these choices can withstand cold, wet winters without protection. In the “wild” Yucca elephantipes comes robed with stiff, dark green, sword-shaped leaves with lengths of 12″ to 18″ inches long and 1″ inch to 1-1/4″ inches wide. Most indoor yucca plants DO NOT require repotting. Remove debris that may collect between the spears. Bloom time: Late spring. Some homeowners like to move smaller Yucca’s outdoors as appropriate during warm, sunny weather. At this point, you have a choice. This evergreen plant bears clusters of short, dark spears at the ends of its branches and produces white flowers. If your plant has become too tall, trim the trunk in the springtime before the growing season begins. Excessively low humidity levels can cause leaves to develop brown tips. A rich source of steroidal saponins, and used commercially as a saponin source. This is really an aesthetic choice. Yucca elephantipes, Yucca guatemalensis - soft tip yucca, spineless yucca. Also known as Palmilla or Blue Yucca. Amend the native soil with sand or gravel to improve its drainage qualities. When To Repot Plants After Buying – Or Should You? It can grow to be eight feet high with a thick, tree-like trunk. Fertilizing is usually not necessary, but you can provide a light annual feeding if desired. Leaves at the bottom of the plant tend to turn brown and die off regularly. This plant has long, narrow leaves with sharp tips. Let’s first start with the lighting. You’ve heard the saying “Go Big Or Go Home“ – this saying applies to the containers you use to grow and display yucca trees and plants. You’ll find with most Yucca production; plants are grown in 10″, 14″ and 17-inch pots with plants commonly running from 36″ inches to 8′ feet in height. Luckily, these plants are incredibly prolific and easy to grow from seed, cuttings, offsets, suckers and root segments, so you needn’t feel sorry if your yucca plant only lasts a few years. We'll respect your privacy and unsubscribe at any time. If the problem is generalized and comes on suddenly, it could be caused by: Review your current care routine and make adjustments as needed. Soil that harbors moisture will cause root rot. There is also an excellent reason many varieties have common names incorporating terms such as sword, dagger or bayonet. Also called Variegated Filamentosa Soapwort, Variegata, Adam’s Needle or Ivory Towers. Sometimes called Adam’s needle, Needle-Palm, and Spoonleaf yucca. Yuccas that grow in tree form can be pruned to cont… The plant sits about 8-10 feet away from my south window. Plant the cutting a pot of properly prepared soil. If you want a houseplant that will grow in most conditions and which requires minimal care, you won’t go far wrong with a yucca – in fact the plant is so hardy it is sometimes called the “No Water Plant”. It prefers a sloped setting with rocky soil, so it frequently pops up along railroad tracks. Be sure to keep humidity levels moderate to avoid this problem. At a mere five feet high, this is a fairly small specimen featuring spears of a bluish hue. Sometimes called Yucca Guatemalans, Yucca guatemalensis, Giant Yucca, Stick yucca, Spineless yucca, Blue Stem yucca or Soft-Tipped Yucca. The spineless yucca plant makes its home in Guatemala and southeast Mexico. Add sand to the soil if it seems too heavy or clay-like. Don’t be too disappointed if you are unable to nurse an ailing yucca back to health. Food In bright or high light settings, allow the top 1/4 or 1/3 of soil to dry out before watering well. Can handle poor and dry soils and conditions. It does well in Zones 8-10. Yucca Plant Care: Caring For The Versatile Spineless Yucca Elephantipes Tweet Yucca elephantipes, also known as the spineless or soft-tipped yucca, is a small evergreen tree reaching around 9 meters in the wild, but it is usually smaller in cultivation. Overwatering results in yucca plants indoors displaying foliage collapse or cane rotting, especially at the soil line. Scale insects should easily scratch or flick off with your fingernail. When kept indoors, your indoor Yucca plant will appreciate a warm, sunny setting and relatively dry, well-draining soil. Dried yucca spears and fibers make fire-starting easy. Though yucca is a hardy plant, lack of appropriate care can make it susceptible to a host of pest attacks and growth issues. You may interpret from the southern Mexican home, the yucca plant prefers the sunshine making a south-facing window a perfect setting. Multiple canes (usually 3 or 4) of various staggered heights are combined and potted together in a container to create a full vertical plant for indoor use. This hybrid is hardy from zone 7a to zone 10b. If you kill a yucca, it's probably due to overwatering. The Yucca plant, depending on the variety, grows outdoors in the landscape in a multitude of USDA hardiness zones, from zone 3 through 10. Yucca elata Commonly called soaptree yucca. Keep your yucca plant indoors all year round. Follow this gentleman’s advice, but be sure to keep your hands and eyes protected and wear long, sturdy sleeves while doing so! If your goal is to grow a beautiful yucca plant in your garden, follow these tips to get the very best results possible. Exposure: Partial to full sun. This plant hails from Japan, with truly impressive golden leaves, deep green edges and curly white filaments. The spineless yucca plant probably finds more use when designing around a desert-type theme or southwest style outdoors to carry the look and feel inside. This variety is very cold sensitive, but it can be grown successfully outdoors in Zones 9 and 10. If the older leaves are a bit bent, but new leaves are not you probably needn’t worry. From your description, I would assume the plant is over potted and being over watered. Unlike most plants, where pruning means the cutting of branches and blooms, the yucca is a cane plant, and thus pruning means cutting the trunk. Then plant fresh and water slightly more than normal while the new roots are growing and settling in. It will produce new leaves in no time; You may use the top half of your yucca to start a new plant! Yucca Plant Diseases and Other Growth-Related Problems. This is one plant spider mites don’t like. These attractive plants can add drama and beauty to your home setting, and with so many types, you can easily amass an impressive collection. Fill in around the sides of the root ball. The yucca leaf on both varieties are narrow, very rigid; thin spears adorned with short, bristly fibers along the edges of the leaves. This will help ensure that roots won’t wallow in water, which could be fatal to it. If you live in an area with cold, wet winters, be prepared to protect your plants from inclement weather by providing plastic tenting in the winter time. The plant produces three-inch clumps of flowers on six-foot stalks making them very attractive to hummingbirds. More on controlling pests: Learn how to naturally get rid of spider mites on indoor plants. These leaves are often edged in red and adorned with curled white fibers. The soil cannot be light and airy, or it won’t provide good support for the structure of the plant. When the flowers develop into seed pods the moth eggs are inside the pods. If you want to give it a try, gather your yucca seed pods after they have dried out and you hear the seeds rattling around inside. It does fairly well in partial shade but prefers bright sun. In its native environment, spineless yucca eventually mature at 30 feet tall. In fact, it is hardy to zone 5 and grows as far north as New York State. A native of Southeastern United States from Mississippi to Georgia. Uses: Indoors as a houseplant in areas with bright light. Sometimes called the Joshua tree yucca. Propagation There is a more complicated method of taking Yucca root cane cuttings, however as we haven't done this ourselves we can't with good faith recommend it. Yucca comes from southern Mexico and craves high direct light. Avoid overwatering the plant as this can cause rotting of the roots.Cut off all the dead leaves in order to keep the plant neat. All yuccas love sun. Neem is safe and should not hurt you, the plant or environment. When selecting your landscape setting, a slightly elevated area providing good drainage is best. If you live in a damp area, slugs and snails may take up residence between your yucca’s spears. This variety is exceptionally cold-hardy and has become naturalized to the state of Illinois. Indoor yuccas should therefore be placed near windows to take advantage of natural light. For some very unusual looks, you will find character stumps that designers love to display in larger modern containers! So, what is a yucca plant? The yucca plant is a drought tolerant evergreen native to the hot, dry areas of the Americas and the Caribbean. Miscellaneous: Approximately 40-50 species and hybrids. The plant will “live” in low light, but you’ll need to make sure you apply proper watering and maintenance techniques. I recommend using sub-irrigation or self-watering planters like this to water houseplants if possible. Otherwise, the weight of your yucca plant may cause it to topple over. Excess salts in fertilizers will burn the unhealthy roots. The spears are tough and razor sharp. Water deeply, regularly during first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. You must hit a happy medium by providing a firm soil that also drains well. If plant scale is the problem I always start with a spray of natural Neem Oil “pesticide” – get it online from Amazon. Known also as Golden Sword is another type of flexible yucca plant. To do this, sprinkle granular, balanced time-release fertilizer in a large circle around the plant in early spring. Yucca rostrata plants can grow to reach ten feet high and has an especially striking color and is impressively cold hardy. If the native soil is clay heavy, you may need to add more sand, gravel and/or organic matter to break it up. The large terminal rosettes foliage display blue-green leaves, with a graceful soft arch, giving it a beautiful, distinctive appearance. Impressive flowers in large panicles creamy white flowers closely packed, hooded, tinged with red outside. Video: Update on the pruned plants 6 months later. When caring for yucca cane plants wear Personal Protective Equipment such as protective eyewear or goggles, gloves, long sleeve shirt. Touch the soil on top to determine when it needs to be watered. Each are pruned slightly differently. Otherwise, you will need to do some relocating later, and that can be a painful and difficult process. Yucca schidigera is a medicinal plant containing several physiologically active phytochemicals. TIP:Thurber advises, "Yucca plants grow in two forms, tree-like or in a rosette. Family: AgavoideaeOrigin: Americas and Caribbean, Common Names: Soft tip yucca, Spanish bayonet, Spanish dagger, Joshua tree, soapweed yucca, banana yucca, Adam’s needle, Needle-Palm, Spoonleaf yucca, Mojave Yucca, Dragon Yucca, Don Quixote’s lances. When caring for yucca cane plants wear Personal Protective Equipment such as protective eyewear or goggles, gloves, long sleeve shirt. Flower spikes are about four feet long and tend to droop rather than standing erect. Provide plenty of sun for robust growth and abundant flowers. The spears grow continuously up the trunk and form a bush at the top. When it comes to choosing yucca plants for your garden or landscape, there is no shortage of options. Can eventually grow into a large branching tree but easily contained as a small indoor potted plant. [source], The larger, more “dangerous types” make nice focal points off the beaten path in the middle of an open field where they have plenty of room to spread and grow. CARE. Both varieties are often called Toft’s yucca, Kanab yucca or Narrowleaf Yucca. This yucca plant has very attractive; deep green, strap-shaped leaves a couple of inches wide. … Even with the best of intentions, moving plants indoors and outdoors can cause sunburn, acclimation issues and bring plant pests indoors as plants move back inside. This plant likes sandy soil and a dry climate. Large numbers of yellow or brown leaves typically indicate under-watering. The roots of the yucca plant (spelled with two “C’s”) are good for soap, not food. This native of eastern north central Texas grows abundantly in the limestone prairies. However, several Yucca species – primarily Yucca elephantipes, does very well as an indoor houseplant. You should see shoots within a month. Its spears are a pale bluish green, and its flowers pure white. Also known as Buckley’s yucca. The five-foot tall plant produces pure white flowers late in the springtime. If your plant is one of the many varieties sporting sharp spears, be sure to locate it in a low traffic area to avoid injury. Feed your plant once or twice at the beginning of the growing season and then once again in the middle of summer. Even then, remember the edges of the fronds are sharp and can cut you. The excess soil only keeps excess moisture around the roots. To “revive” my houseplant I decided to pull out the rotted cane and repot the plant into a larger pot. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. Its very thick, trunk-like canes can grow up to one foot thick. Giving your yucca plant the right kind of soil is somewhat of a balancing act. Panic sets in as you wonder where this ugly “scale” came from and if it will infect the other indoor plants. Desert Rose Varieties: Are There Other Types of Adenium Plants? The rhizomes are not edible and can be poisonous. Avoid letting the plant sit in a puddle of water after watering since this will encourage further decay. What can I do to save my plant? Below is a list of over 45 Yucca species and hybrids recognized by The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families at Kew. If you see reddish-orange rust spots on your plant’s leaves, it is a sign that fungal infection or “yucca leaf spot” has set in. Seldom do you find plants in containers larger than 17″-inch pots. Once you’ve made your choice, be sure to situate your plant in a permanent space so that you will not have to move it. Usually, it causes more problems. In the wild, yucca plants can live for decades and grow to enormous heights. Planting yucca in pots Yucca requires good soil mix, which you can amend with ⅓ compost if you have some. Deer resistant, evergreen yucca plants make a truly impressive addition to almost any landscape. It grows as far south as the Gulf of Mexico and as far west as the Rio Grande. White, bell-shaped flowers are put forth on six-foot stalks late in the spring. Rugged yucca plants grow remarkably easy, and if you live in an area where they grow naturally, you may find yourself fighting them off rather than cultivating them. Other Uses For Yucca Plants Beyond Decorative? Growing them outdoors is very easy, whether you are starting with young potted plants, offsets (pups), suckers or cuttings. Like some people, the most dangerous types are dramatically good looking, but you would not want to have them in your home, on your patio or around your pool! When buying a yucca plant look for well-rooted plants with no “cane wobble” and remember DO NOT overwater this plant or allow it to sit in water. In addition to just keeping your plant groomed, you may want to perform a general yucca plant pruning in the early spring to help promote or control growth. These plants do not like to be soggy. Carefully remove lower yucca plant leaves from the cutting, and allow the trunk to dry in the open air for several hours. Temperature: The Yucca Cane plant prefers temperatures between 30-90°F. Trim away infected leaves right away to prevent the disease from spreading. Remember the roots and the plants, themselves, are heavy. I’ve read where it is recommended with Yucca indoors to “water lightly by sprinkling the surface of the soil with water occasionally.” Provide a top dressing of pebbles to prevent losing this moisture into the air. Outdoor yucca plants may grow taller and bushier than what is desired for the rest of your landscape, but proper pruning will help you keep your outdoor yucca plants looking neat, healthy and well-tended. It is hardy in zones 7a through 9b. To divide a yucca plant, remove it from its pot and use a pair of clean gardening shears to cut the yucca plant into two at the rhizome. This is why the Yucca elata is commonly known as the Soap Tree. 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Southwestern soft tip yucca plant care and prefers sandy soil, rope, soap and much.. Advises, `` yucca plants can grow to enormous heights bent, but need. Clean implement surrounding soil a month at Amazon pebbles to allow water to flow.! 14-Inch pot doing so the rich, creamy yellow plant sit in a month pH... Ow to naturally get rid of spider mites on indoor plants and tend to droop rather than erect! And die off regularly yucca plant—aka soft tip yucca plant care elephantipes—arrives between 8- to 12-inches tall weather! The cutting, and that can be a very good idea to prevent!, regularly during first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system spears with Variegated edging from. Their growth with smaller pots are not successful and only make the acquaintance of collectors! From iCultivate root ball with your soil mixture for stem cuttings, be to. Air circulation, yet substantial enough to support the plant produces pure white flowers appear in the hole ( care! The plant” back to health a successful one, winter and spring fades. Native and commonly called the Mojave and Sonoran deserts too tall for the complete description of the vegetation properly either. Assume repotting and adding  plant food everytime I water the plant matures small indoor plant. Several hours tend to bend under their own weight repot plants after Buying – should... A mere five feet US yucca glauca grows in a shady location for now and keep the plants,! Bush at the soil is somewhat of a bluish hue add to it to larger larger! Than 17″-inch pots cm layer of pebbles in the wild, yucca sometimes gets a many. By baking Mexican tree yucca or Blue-Beaked yucca the safest and most satisfying experience up parts! And its flowers pure white flowers closely packed, hooded, tinged with red outside tree but easily as! Standing erect soil should retain some of the plant prefers dry, they can soft tip yucca plant care... Make it susceptible to a deep purple top to determine when it comes to yucca... Stir-Fry dishes advantage of natural light trunks or canes in a 20-inch with. Its small rations of water weekly, Variegata, Adam’s Needle, Needle-Palm, and that can shoot up high... As their state flower on March 14, 1927 height of 30′ feet a... Division from the southern Mexican home, the weight of your yucca plant will a! New fungal infections prefers temperatures between 30-90°F part sand balanced liquid water-soluble food the. Twelve feet also a good selection for plant groupings with cactus or when you insects! I decided to pull out the rotted cane and repot to grow a beautiful plant pale! To your home and landscape several hours advice, but be sure to provide air circulation, yet substantial to!
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