The Friends of the Elephant Seal does not share your personal information with outside advertisers or other organizations. 6. . THEY MAINLY EAT SQUID. Their torpedo shaped bodies allow them to glide through the ocean flawlessly (with little water resistance). Females normally begin reproducing around age, 4 although some may begin as young as 3 or as old as 6. Elephant Seal (genus Mirounga) is large aquatic mammal residing in sub-Antarctic regions. Quick facts about the world's second largest seal! They spend only brief amounts of time at the surface to rest between dives (2–3 minutes). There is no record of any northern elephant seal having more than one pup. Jul 9, 2014 - Explore Hanna Shirley's board "Elephant seal" on Pinterest. In order to dive so deep and stay down in the cold ocean so long, the elephant seals have had to make a number of adaptations. Sand flipping helps them keep cool on land by acting as a sunscreen. Sexual dimorphism is spotted on this animal because the female usually has the weight 10 times less than the male the counterpart. By the end of lactation, the fat content reaches 65% and has the consistency of mayonnaise. The rocky areas in the shallow waters provide the weaned pups some protection from breakers while they are learning to swim. Fact 36: Elephant seals have what is called “smoker’s blood”. Elephants Facts for Kids. A male elephant seal is called a bull and will mate with many female elephant seals, or cows, in one season. Males have an opening for the penis, between the navel indentation and their pelvis. They rely on their stored fat to meet their water and energy needs, so their bodies are programmed to rest as much as possible while on land. At the start of lactation, the fat content is lower and the water content higher. A baby elephant is called a calf; A group of elephants is called a ‘herd’ Female elephants are referred to as ‘cows’ and males are called ‘bulls’. Actually, they are just conserving energy. Females and juveniles of both sexes spend 10 months at sea. The northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris)! southern Elephant Seal Basics Weight: Males range 1,500 - 3,000 kg, up to 3,700 kg (8,150 lb,) / females average 350 - 600 kg.up to 800 kg (1,800 lb.) However, overcrowding or failure to successfully wean a pup can prompt them to move to another rookery. Follow Friends of the Elephant Seal on our social channels for up-to-the-minute updates and images from the rookery. They are dark grey immediately after moulting, fading through the year to a rusty greyish brown. Also known as sea elephants, elephant seals (genus Mirounga) are large aquatic mammals residing in sub-Antarctic regions. Quick facts about the world's second largest seal! • Male elephant seals are called bulls. Elephant seal, also called sea elephant, either of the two largest pinnipeds (aquatic mammals of the suborder Pinnipedia): the northern elephant seal (species Mirounga angustirostris), now found mainly on coastal islands off California and Baja California; or the southern elephant seal (M. leonina), found throughout sub-Antarctic regions. It is illegal to touch, throw things or cause a reaction from any marine mammal. Eight individuals were sighted on the island and scientists killed seven. The Privacy policy on this site provides further information. They get their name … Elephant Facts Elephant Seal Animal Quiz Animal Facts Fun Facts About Elephants Antartica Chilena Monterey Bay Aquarium Wal Weird Creatures Earless Seals (Phocidae Family - True Seals) Example #8: Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris). Males are 5 to 6 time larger than females. Their babies gain 3-5 pounds daily thanks to milk. What prey is there in large quantity is unknown. Northern elephant seals have a diet of mostly squid and fishes, but also rays and sharks. In addition, they sometimes can be seen flipping sand under stressful conditions. The northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris) is one of two species of elephant seal (the other is the southern elephant seal). Elephant seal pup Bilbo was found on a beach in San Luis Obispo with major shark bite wounds and was brought to our hospital for much-needed medical care. The pups go from 60 to 80 pounds at birth to 250 to 330 pounds at weaning, quadrupling their birth weight. Elephant seals are aquatic animals and live on the Pacific Coast. During the time they are ashore they are fasting. Drones are not permitted in the rookery area. Most elephant seal rookeries are on islands, with the largest colonies on the Channel Islands. Female elephant seals are smaller than males, growing to about nine feet long and 1,300 pounds. The females are much smaller at about 9 to 12 feet (2.5 to 4 m) in length and weigh 900 to 1,800 pounds (400 to 800 kg). The two species, the northern elephant seal (M. angustirostris) and the southern elephant seal (M. leonina), were both hunted to the brink of extinction by the end of the 19th century, but their numbers have since recovered. Apnea can last as little as 8 minutes in weaners and up to 25 minutes in adult males. The females are much smaller at about 9 to 12 feet (2.5 to 4 m) in length and weigh 900 … They don’t even breathe much of the time, to conserve both water and energy. You can most often see southern elephant seals along the Antarctic coastline, dozing in the sun, nursing their pups, or swimming in the waters just off shore. Facts about Elephant Seals 7: the weight of baby elephant seal The weight of the baby elephant seals can reach the weight of 80 pounds. Also known as sea elephants, elephant seals (genus Mirounga) are large aquatic mammals residing in sub-Antarctic regions. Elephant seal rookery in early December (left), and late January (right). Their heart rate slows from 100+ beats per minute to around 40 beats per minute. 1) An adult male Elephant seal can weigh up to five tonnes and measure up to six and a half metres! Australian Territory Pictures of Large Elephant Seals In 2000, in Gisborne, New Zealand, there was an elephant seal that attacked anything that was too close or on his area, like cars, boat trailers, trees, and trash bins. Some males never are able to win sufficient fights to get land and a harem. See more ideas about Elephant seal, Elephant, Sea lion. Be among the first to receive updates, photos, events and more about the Piedras Blancas northern elephant seal colony. The elephant seals do not eat while they are at the rookery. Seals range greatly in size, from the gargantuan southern elephant seal, which can weigh more than a pickup truck, to the relatively slender, 100-pound Baikal seal. The neck and chest area of a large bull is protected by a thick layer of blubber and has scarred calloused skin. The primary predators of southern elephant seal are killer whales, leopard seal, and great white shark. Fights can last from a few minutes to half an hour or more, depending on how evenly matched the bulls are. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Southern elephant seals can travel up to 33,800 km (21,000 miles) per year, the longest known migration for any mammal. As compare to other seals, they are much larger in size. Adult and sub-adult males spend 8 to 9 months at sea. They can hold their breath for more than 100 minutes – longer than any other non-cetacean mammal. Your charitable contribution supports our programs. Before puberty, the only way you can tell is by looking at a seal’s abdomen. Elephant seals are large, oceangoing earless seals in the genus Mirounga. One is the Northern elephant seal and the other is the Southern elephant seal, the latter being larger then its northern relative. KidsGrids 270 views • These seals were hunted Their trunk-like nose serves two purposes: Males use the proboscis to generate loud roars to fend off other males, and both males and females use it to re-absorb moisture during their mating fasts. Males are 5 to 6 time larger than females. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. Smallest seal is Galapagos fur seal that has 4 They were close to extinction because they were hunted for their oil. They all have streamlined bodies for moving through the water and four flippers. Saturday Fun Fact: Elephant seals are adapted to life in the marine environment. Dogs and seals do not mix. The males can grow to be 20 feet long and weigh over 8,000 pounds, which is more than the average pickup truck weighs. Fact 37: Common seals may spend Most mortality occurs at sea. They spend most of their lives at sea foraging off the coast of Alaska in the Aleutian Islands. Elephant seals are the largest seals, exceeding the walrus in size. that give elephant seals their names, are only on the beach in July-August to molt and in December-March for the birthing and mating seasons. Safety of you and the only surviving family of the elephant seal facts Castle entrance on 1!, overcrowding or failure to successfully wean a pup can prompt them to a... Remain submerged for up to 2 hours can tell is by looking at a seal s... ’ s big nose is a secondary sexual characteristic indicating physical and sexual maturity, small sharks large. Skin to insulate the animals in cold water five interesting Facts about elephant seal facts elephant seal, seals. 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